SCHEMA. Towards a philosophical-architectural dictionary
h.10.00 Michele Cometa - Università di Palermo
“Disporre il pensiero. Configurazioni iconotestuali della filosofia”
h.11.30 Federico Bilò - Università di Pescara
“Configurazione / Riduzione”
The course is part of an interdisciplinary research whose general theme concerns the relationship between architecture and philosophy. The research involves a collaboration between the Ph.D. course in ‘Architecture, History and Design’ of the Politecnico di Torino and the magazine of philosophical studies of the University of Turin ‘Philosophy Kitchen’. The premise of this collaborative research is that exchanges between architecture and philosophy can be developed on the basis of concepts that belong to the theoretical apparatus of both disciplines, even if the meaning such disciplines provide of these concepts might be different.
There are words that belong to both the worlds of architects and philosophers. What interests us is to solicit the meaning of these words starting from two points of view that do not necessarily coincide. In order to make the discussion on such a broad theme more articulated, we decided to divide the term schema in four subsections: Algorithm, Configuration, Diagram, and Map.
The use of schema has great relevance in architectural design and may be included among the most complex and obscure notions conceived by the Western philosophical thought. Coming from the Greek schêma, it indicates the conventional model, simplified compared to the more complex reality of a problem, a phenomenon, an object, a mechanism or a process that we are used to employ as means of understanding of the surrounding world. In architecture, the schema allows the translation of design issues, expressed by the program, into architectural figures. The seminar proposes to survey the territory of the schema in the two disciplines of architecture and philosophy, in order to describe the main technical-discursive forms that make the notion of scheme operative and to write the lemma schema in view of its practical use in architectural design.
The goal is practical: to write a lemma that can provide operational guidance to practitioners of both disciplines. In this first attempt, coincidences, misunderstandings, overlaps wil be constitutive facts of a map that will trace the semantic regions of the word “schema” in a hyper textual form.