The formation of urban centers in the Italian colonization zone in southern Brazil
20Years_The AISU Lectures organized by Associazione Italiana di Storia Urbana (AISU).
The formation of urban centers in the Italian colonization zone in southern Brazil followed the legal guidelines of the imperial government based on its colonization and immigration policy in the 19th century. The urban structures that are born out of this policy are the result of the occupation that occurs with immigrant labor in the territory in Brazil. In the area of Italian colonization, the plans for occupation of the territory were defined by representatives of the Imperial Government and after the Land Law of 1850, access to the land structure was through purchase. The layouts were defined by the Directorate of Lands and later followed the codes of municipal postures. The locations of the original urban centers, which were colonial headquarters, were established by the occupation policy of the territory. The present study aims to present the main characteristics of these outlines and their constitutive urban elements. It takes as reference the formation of the city of Caxias do Sul, which besides being the seat of Italian colonization in Rio Grande do Sul, is known as a commercial and industrial center of the region. The study presents the urban plan that gave rise to its occupation and highlights the characteristics of the choice of the layout in the form of a board that was used at the time. The urbanization process in the areas of immigration reflects influences of cultural heritage, adapted to the conditions of the society in formation and shows the rapid economic development that these areas had in the country's economy. The design of the Italian colonies in southern Brazil was done by the imperial government and investments in infrastruture were also financed by the government. The Brazilian government subsidized European emigration to southern Brazil until 1902.
Vania Herédia is Full Professor at the University of Caxias do Sul, she teaches in undergraduate and graduate courses. Member of the Historical Institute of São Leopoldo and the Historical and Geographic Institute of Rio Grande do Sul. President of the Department of Gerontology of the Brazilian Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology (2018-2021). Member of the Associazione Italiana per il patrimonio archeologico industriale (AIPAI). Corresponding partner dell’Accademia Olimpica di Vicenza in the class of Diritto, Economia e Amministrazione. Since 1993 she coordinates the (CNPq-UCS) Migratory Studies Research Center and participates in the Urban Studies Group (CNPq-UCS). Graduated in Philosophy at the University of Caxias do Sul (1973), master’s in philosophy from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (1978); Bachelor and Degree in Social Sciences from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (1984), PhD in History of the Americas from the University of Genoa-decentralized headquarter University of Turin (1992). Coordinator of research at the University of Caxias do Sul (2002-2006). Post-doctorate in Economic History from the University of Padua (2002) and in Anthropology at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (2013). Visiting Scientist at the University of Padua, the Department of Historical and Geographic Sciences and the Ancient World, under the supervision of Prof. Giampaolo Romanato (2013 and 2015). Her research focuses on contemporary migration, internal migration, historical migration, population aging and public policies, work and social policies, regional history and company history and urban studies. She organised the Collection of 19th and 20th century diplomatic sources of Italian emigration in Rio Grande do Sul together with Gianpaolo Romanato. Author of several books on the industrialization process in the area of Italian colonization in southern Brazil, Italian immigration In Rio Grande do Sul, worker villages and the history of the city of Caxias do Sul.
The event will be held on Zoom platform.
Link for registration.