Beyond Data. Human Rights, Ethical and Social Assessment in AI
155° Nexa's Wednesday
The recent turn in the debate on AI regulation from ethics to law, the wide application of AI and the new challenges it poses in a variety of fields of human activities are urging legislators to find a paradigm of reference to assess the impacts of AI and to guide its development. This cannot only be done at a general level, on the basis of guiding principles and provisions, but the paradigm must be embedded into the development and deployment of each application. To this end, this chapter suggests a model for human rights impact assessment (HRIA) as part of the broader HRESIA model.
This is a response to the lack of a formal methodology to facilitate an ex-ante approach based on a human-oriented design of AI. The result is a tool that can be easily used by entities involved in AI development from the outset in the design of new AI solutions and can follow the product/service throughout its lifecycle, providing specific, measurable and comparable evidence on potential impacts, their probability, extension, and severity, and facilitating comparison between possible alternative options.
Presented book: Alessandro Mantelero Beyond Data. Human Rights, Ethical and Social Impact Assessment in
AI, T.M.C. Asser Press – Springer 2022.
Alessandro Mantelero has served as a scientific advisor on AI, data protection and human rights for the Council of Europe for several years (Hoc Committee on Artificial Intelligence – CAHAI, Convention 108 – Consultative Committee, 2016-2022). As an expert on data regulation and human rights he advises national and international organizations, including the United Nations, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, and the European Commission. He has held visiting appointments in several universities, including Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, Nanjing – NUITS, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Universidad de Murcia, and joined the University of Oxford as a visiting research fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute in 2013 and 2014, working on data protection and Big Data. He is Associate Editor of Computer Law & Security Review and member of the Editorial Board of European Data Protection Law Review. His main research interests and projects focus on Law and Technology with publications on data protection, AI, data ethics and human rights.
Virtual meeting room at this link.